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Dear ARFI members
Probably you have noticed already: all actual news and blogs are only available on our ARFI Facebook site. Check it out and please like us at:
This study was realized by the Totum Institute, the University of Sao Paulo and the Institution “SOS Mat Atlântica”.
Read the Brazilian text:
Estudo realizado pelo Instituto Totum e pela Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ), da Universidade de São Paulo em parceria com a Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica, estima que cada árvore da Mata Atlântica absorve 163,14 kg de gás carbônico (CO2) equivalente ao longo de seus primeiros 20 anos.
O gás carbônico em excesso no ar é prejudicial, sendo uma das substâncias responsáveis por mudanças no clima. O estudo foi feito com base em análises de amostras do plantio de árvores nativas dos projetos Clickarvore e Florestas do Futuro, programas de restauração florestal da Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica.
Para fazer a estimativa, foi considerado um plantio médio de 1.667 mudas por hectare. A amostra abrangeu árvores de idades entre 3 a 11 anos, sendo projetada uma expectativa para a idade de 20 anos. “Esta é a segunda etapa do monitoramento dos plantios. Iniciamos o acompanhamento em 2007 somente em quatro áreas do projeto Clickárvore as quais remedimos no ano passado, além de incluir mais quatro áreas do projeto Florestas do Futuro. Isso nos permitiu ajustar a curva de crescimento construída anteriormente, que na época apontava valor de 250kg de CO2e em 20 anos. Para chegar ao resultado da projeção, consideramos idades e espécies de árvores diferentes, no bioma, clima e diversidade da Mata Atlântica”, informa Fernando Lopes, diretor do Instituto Totum.
O estudo também estimou o sequestro de gás carbônico desde o início da implantação dos programas. Ao longo de 11 anos (de 2000 a 2011), o plantio de 23.354.266 árvores do Clickárvore retirou da atmosfera em torno de 1,05 milhão de toneladas de gás carbônico equivalente, ou seja, 7,27 kg de CO2 e por árvore plantada por ano. Já as 3.842.426 árvores do Florestas do Futuro sequestraram 194, 23 mil toneladas de CO2 equivalente, o que corresponde à remoção anual de 10,11 kg de CO2e por árvore, de 2003 a 2011. As diferenças de absorção de CO2e entre as áreas ocorrem devido a fatores diferentes, como espécie, clima e solo, que impactam o desenvolvimento das árvores em cada local avaliado.
Para assegurar a restauração de uma área degradada com essências nativas, o plantio deve seguir normas, como selecionar espécies adequadas para a região, averiguar a qualidade de sementes e de mudas, preparar o solo para o plantio e cuidar da manutenção da área. Se as normas forem seguidas, os reflorestamentos serão mais eficientes na remoção de gases do efeito estufa da atmosfera, com reconhecimento da Convenção-Quadro das Nações Unidas sobre a Mudança do Clima (UNFCCC).
A análise de ambos os programas de reflorestamento avaliou oito plantios nas regiões de Penápolis, Valparaíso, Ibaté, Andradina, Salesópolis, Itatiba e Itu, em São Paulo; e uma região no estado do Rio de Janeiro, em Pinheiral. Foram medidas e identificadas 2.496 árvores, de 128 espécies. Para o cálculo de biomassa e do carbono, o relatório considerou as árvores com Diâmetro à Altura do Peito (DAP) igual ou superior a cinco centímetros.
Segundo Rafael Bitante, Coordenador de Restauração Florestal da SOS Mata Atlântica, o aquecimento global há alguns anos vem sendo pauta nos noticiários e a cada dia, o reflexo desse fenômeno é sentido de maneira mais frequente pela vida na Terra. Diante deste cenário, cada vez mais empresas e pessoas procuram compensar as emissões de CO2, apontado como um dos principais gases causadores do efeito estufa (GEE). “A parceria com o Instituto Totum e a Esalq são fundamentais para contribuir à ciência e subsidiar esforços na mitigação destes efeitos unindo a experiência da Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica na execução de projetos de restauração florestal para compensação ambiental”, destaca.
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Amazon Rain Forest Die-back
There is a significant risk that the rain forest covering large areas of the Amazon basin will be lost as a result of an abrupt transition in climate toward much drier conditions and a related change in the vegetation system. Once the collapse occurs, conditions would likely prevent rain forest from re-establishing. The tipping point for this simulation is estimated to be near 3–5°C global warming (Lenton et al. 2008; Malhi et al. 2009; Salazar and Nobre 2010). A collapse would have devastating consequences for biodiversity, the livelihoods of indigenous people, Amazon basin hydrology and water security, nutrient cycling, and other ecosystem services. Continuing deforestation in the region enhances the risks of reductions in rainfall and warming (Malhi et al. 2009) and exacerbates climate change induced risks.
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The government of Ecuador plans to auction off oil development rights within nearly ten million acres (!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!) of primary forest and indigenous land that has been inhabited for centuries, including all of Sarayaku territory.
and send a letter to President Correa, fast & easy!!!
OBRIGADO 4 YOUR SUPPORT!!!!!
Do you know about REDD? The Mending News checks in with IEN (Indigenous Environmental Network) Executive Director, Tom Goldtooth, to get the download on the real story of REDD, the deceptive climate ‘solution’ proposed by the UN. It sounds good on paper “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries” but the reality is that REDD enforces the global colonization of mother earth and a stolen future.
Check following video, 9 min.:
Brazil is not only about flip flops, Da Silvas and murder in progress on every damn street corner. Brazil is also about an ongoing and systematic genocide against the indigenous peoples.
On the next 3rd, March along the streets of the Capital to mobilize Government and public opinion Flávia Balasubramanian
Friday, 26 OCTOBER 2012
Next Tuesday (30), local citizens promise to organize themselves in front of the Federal State University (Ufes) to March through the Capital to protest the genocide Guarani-Kaiowá, residing in Pyelito Kue, Nagesh, Mato Grosso do Sul. The State joins the protest demonstrations across the country against the neglect with which has been treated the Guarani-Kaiowá people. In the event, the organizers make it clear that “they want basically to the Indians in peace on Earth.”
A collective letter will be signed by citizens and organisations involved. In addition, participants promise to call attention on city streets. Will travel the streets with candles, torches, banners, posters and painted faces. According to the Organization, the March will feature one-hour concentration in Ufes, where are made the material. In all, nearly 500 people have already confirmed the presence in the March and the expectation is that by the end of the day are recorded new accessions.
The demonstration, which started in social media, took force after the publication of the letter signed by the Guarani-Kaiowá community, in which the natives claim that they will not leave their land.
“We decided not to fully leave here alive and not dead, and we know that we have no more chance to survive in dignity here in our territory, has already suffered a lot and we’re all massacred and dying of accelerated mode. We know that we will be expelled from the river for Justice, but we’re not going to get out of the River. As a native people indigenous/history, decided to merely be killed collectively here. We have no other option, this is our last round unanimous decision on the order of the Federal Court of Nagesh-MS “.
The letter is a response to the final decision of the Federal Court of expulsion/discharge given in case # 0000032-87.2012.4.03.6006, on September 29 this year. The Indians point out that the decision of Justice decreed the Guarani kaiowá and collective death Pyelito kue/Mbarakay “. “This is the information we have received that we soon will be communities attacked, raped and thrown out of the river by the Federal Court of Nagesh-MS. Thus, it is clear to us that the Federal Court action itself generates and increases the violence against our lives, ignoring our rights to survive on the Bank of a river and around our traditional territory Pyelito Kue/Mbarakay”.
Living a year camped at 50 meters from the River, where they were recorded Hovy four deaths-two of suicide and the other two as a result of beatings and torture of Gunslingers-the Indians are living without any assistance and hounded under the sight of gunmen.
The Indians claim to know that at the heart of the territory charged by Justice are buried his grandparents, great-grandparents and all of its ancestors, and claim to want to be dead and buried with her relatives. In all, living on the edge of the River, in the municipality of Hovy Naviraí, 100 adults and 70 children. They charge the demarcation of their traditional lands, now occupied by ranchers and guarded by gunmen. The struggle of the Guarani-Kaiowá against the assaults of landlords of agribusiness has lasted eight years.
The letter of major and took soon came to be interpreted as a call for “collective suicide” by the tribe. However, on Thursday (25), the indigenous missionary Council (Cimi), an agency of the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil (CNBB), published a note on its Web site depicting the use of the term.
For the entity – one of the main promoters of indigenous rights at the State and Guarani Kaiowá speak on death in the context of collective struggle for land. I mean, if the Justice and the gunmen hired by ranchers insist on taking the Indians from their traditional lands, they are willing to die all in it, without ever abandoning them. The Ccme also clarifies that suicide among the Guarani-Kaiowá already occurs for some time and is most common among young people. According to the Agency, between 2000 and 2011 were mainly motivated suicides by 555 situations of confinement, lack of perspective, acute violence and varied, traditional land clearance and life in the camps on the shores of roads – none of those suicides occurred in mass, collective way, organized and advertised.
Thanks Shannon for the great article!!!
Help save the rainforest while surfing perfect waves in a tropical paradise. Sounds epic, right? Surfers are known for their deep connection with the ocean and appreciation for its preservation, but what happens when a small, rural town is suddenly bombarded with surf tourism? Prepare for a new landscape and new problems, because while tourism can provide some financial resources to a village in third-world countries, it can also alter the landscape as trees are knocked down for hotel development projects, landfills overflow with waste, and safety of the locals is sacrificed by water pollution and exploitation. Every case is different, but patterns show that education on sustainable practices can increase the chances of any region’s survival. It’s time to take an eco-surf trip, to leave every beach cleaner than when we got there, and spread the word on sustainable surfing.
Whether we like to admit it or not, our carbon footprint while taking the surf trip of a lifetime can add up quickly if we consider the gas used for plane flights, bus trips, the energy used to accommodate our laptops and other electronic baggage. The average international flight contributes around 5 tons CO²; an average American citizen produces 19.4 tons of CO² a year. As an environmental activist wanting to break free of the stereotype, and on a mission to live sustainably while scoring waves, I devoted my full attention to the most diverse and vital region for the health of our planet: the Atlantic Rainforest in Bahia, Brazil. Its consistent swell, warm water and good vibes turned a three month adventure into a yearlong adventure deep in the jungle.
Tourists fill the beaches of small town, Itacaré, in the height of Carnaval during Brazil’s summer months. Tourism can help a community, but it can also damage an area if unprepared for its environmental impact. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
The “Coast of Cacau” is pumping with waves year round, as local pro surfer, Iago Silva, boosts for the grab. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
The Atlantic Rainforest on the coast of Bahia, Brazil, is a biodiversity hotspot with only 5% of the forest remaining. Deep sea only a few miles offshore also provides some of the most consistent swells for surfing. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
Not only do the innumerable tree species in the Atlantic Rainforest bring more oxygen to the world than any other source, the biodiversity of the region also contains some of the rarest and most beautiful species of plants and animals on the planet. Unfortunately, when you hear the word, “paradise,” it often comes with a risk of being endangered. Only 5% of the coastline’s original forests remain today due to deforestation, as land owners continue to monocrop (an agricultural practice of planting one single crop, thus reducing biodiversity). Bahia’s agricultural history dates back for centuries when the Portuguese exploited Brazilian soils, capitalizing off of coffee plantations and causing the deforestation of large acres of land to make room for them, threatening the soil with irreversible consequences. Environmental activists hope to mobilize people on the fact that there is only a small percentage left, and the dangers of global warming as these trees continue to fall.
Thankfully, surfers are uniting to do something about it. The Atlantic Rainforest Institution (ARFI) is a non-governmental organization active and committed to preserving the Atlantic Rainforest in Southern Bahia, Brazil. The most striking example of a conservation hotspot – with 95% of it’s original size destroyed during the last 500 years — Bahia remains very rich in biodiversity and under continued threat. ARFI is focused on the fact that rainforests help regulate the earth’s climate by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) – the main greenhouse gas. Saving forests is one of the fastest and most effective ways to stabilize global climate change and the local truly rich biodiversity.
The North-Eastern state of Bahia, Brazil contains some of the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet. Photo: ARFI
Festival Respira (“Breathe”) Brasil included a construction project using the town’s trash to create a beautiful office for the Atlantic Rainforest Institution NGO. Photo: ARFI
Pro surfers and snowboarders volunteered to help construct a sustainable office made of recycled glass bottles for the Atlantic Rainforest Institution. Photo: ARFI
“It is a critical part of the larger solution, and action is required now,” ARFI insists, a Swiss organization co-founded by surfer and environmental activist, Chris Bachmann. He has channeled his passion for surfing into something much larger, now in talks with the United Nations on an effort to protect more land and conserve the little rainforest left standing. ARFI’s educational efforts and social projects look to improve the lives of local people, while simultaneously educating foreigners traveling to the region – sometimes in the form of surfing, skateboarding, music and other community events.
Pro surfer, Flavio Galini, is a local who recognizes the need to protect the region. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
Although Brazilian favelas (shanty towns) can appear chaotic, most locals in Itacaré live a sustainable way of life that harmonizes with the land. On average, a Brazilian citizen produces 1.8 tons of CO² a year compared to 19.4 tons per American. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
A mixture of dance and fighting, Brazilian capoeira is amazing cross-training for any surfer. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
When I first met Chris at Arte na Mata (“Art Jungle”), a breathtaking ecological resort that helps support the Atlantic Rainforest Institution‘s efforts, he warned me about the large snakes in the jungle and to be prepared to see the largest tropical creatures imaginable. Let’s just say I could be found with a machete in hand at all times. Anacondas were the least of my worries, as I came across traces of human trash and destruction in the most remote of areas.
The almost-pristine beaches were becoming littered by the trash washing ashore. Was every beach on the globe destroyed by our plastic dependency? If the cosmetic unease wasn’t enough, how about the sanitary concerns of surfing breaks near the river mouth? Naturally, the best waves break near a shark-infested port area of the small fishing village. With the town’s landfill piled near a river flowing into the sea, poisonous chemicals are seeping into the earth and down stream to the marine life. And the latter concern of surfing in polluted water cannot be ignored.
Small fishing villages can be exploited by tourism if unprepared for social change. Fishermen are the first to see the destruction of the ocean’s delicate balance. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
Hanahoor Araujo grew up surfing the coast of the Atlantic Rainforest. His family owned Original Surf School is an important part of the community, introducing surfers to eco-friendly practices while learning to ride. Photo: Surf Channel/Shannon Q
Watch the video below as the Atlantic Rainforest Institution (AFRI) takes pro surfers and snowboarders to the most diverse rainforest in Bahia, Brazil. After surfing perfect waves, these travelers get dirty planting trees and make a creative effort to promote sustainable practices. The non-profit organization has already protected over 330 acres of land. In this clip, they make an impact by using recycled glass bottles for the walls of their new facilities, all while constructing a school for the local children alongside.
The Escola Bosque da Pasagem (“The Rainforest School”) is a new educational program that teaches kids about their environment, using science as a powerful tool for survival in hopes of developing an appreciation to live sustainably and care for the place they call home.
What could be better than music, surfing, and good friends all in paradise? How about a dope, deep skate bowl right by the sand to boost out of the lip between sets. Ohhhh, ain’t life grand? Officially one of the most beautiful social projects ever completed, the Atlantic Rainforest Institution partnered up with Barcelona’s Creme Skateboards to donate enough resources, material and new skate decks for the inaugural skate sesh at Tiririca Beach.
Good vibrations and great waves make this the coolest town on the Atlantic, but the recent explotion of tourism could help, or seriously hurt the area depending on the responsibility of its visitors. Itacaré, bombarded by tourists during the summer season due to a new road into the tropical rainforest preservation, has altered the 6,000 acres of previously protected areas for conservation of flora and fauna.
Truly inspiring jungle vibes by Jamaram’s live performance sets the tone for the arrival of the Creme skate team to the new bowl, combining almost all of the aspects of Breathe/Respira Brazil in one clip.
Surfers can do their part, trip by trip, to leave each beach cleaner and more amazing than when we arrived. As a surfer, we have a responsibility to take care of our playgrounds and mobilize others surfers to do the same. By being a leader, you can help teach others sustainable practices just by setting a good example. Pick up trash even if it means carrying it with you down the beach. Make sure you know what is happening to your trash and do something to reduce it. You may even need to contact your local government to encourage them to pass stricter laws on environmental issues, like plastic bag bans or recycling facilities. In the end, it will all come back to you in the form of a healthier ocean for your kids to enjoy.
Sustainability requires a delicate balance between our resources and human needs, but the easiest way to reduce your carbon imprint can be remembered by the three “R’s”: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. If you live by this motto, you are guaranteed to consume less and be more aware of the trash you produce, leading to organic forms of living that will pay off in the long run for your physical health and the wellbeing of our environment.
Educating yourself is the first step.
Thank you to all the event sponsors, the active community, and the enthusiastic volunteers in support of these efforts. MUITA OBRIGADA!! MAHALO!!
Associação de Surf de Itacaré
Instituto de Turismo de Itacaré
Libélula Ponto de Cultura
Pousada Colalá Surf House & Bar
Protect Our Winters
Original Surf School
Panificadora & Lanchonete Itacaré
MUITA OBRIGADA!! MAHALO!!
We thank all Sudden Rush travellers so much for your contribution regarding the protection and reforestation of the Atlantic Rainforest on South Americas shoreline. Loads of our travellers offset their CO2 by directly protecting their peace of Atlantic Rainforest.
You can login at www.atlanticrainforest.org in order to create you own profile. On our interactive map you can see all trees that you protect and flying above the logos and profile pictures of everybody participating.
Once again thank you Sudden Rush (www.suddenrush.com). With 3’349 m2 protected Sudden Rush is currently ranked on position Nr. 2 in our Partner ranking.
YOU CAN HELP THE RAINFOREST IN BRASZIL ONLINE NOW: THIS IS THAT PRESIDENT DILMA VETOS THE NEW FLOREST LAW IN BRAZIL – SO IMPORTANT FOR THE LUNGHS OF OUR EARTH – OBRIGADO!! Just click on following link: